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Para evitar la deserción de magisterio, es urgente el incremento de sueldos en el magisterio, pues ganan S/.1243.00 y con descuentos de AFP y EsSalud solo queda S/.1080.00

De igual manera, contratados ganan poco más de 1.000 soles y nombrados de la primera escala 1.243 soles (sin descuentos). MINEDU señala que es una prioridad el incremento de sueldos.

En el Perú, la gran mayoría de profesores de secundaria que pertenecen a la primera escala y laboran en un colegio público tienen una Remuneración Íntegra Mensual (RIM) de 1.243 soles. Un porcentaje de este monto (65%) es pasible de descuentos, convirtiéndose así en el sueldo más bajo de un maestro de carrera.

Teniendo en cuenta la importancia de la carrera docente, ¿Qué puede hacer un docente con este sueldo?

Ya el educador León Trahtemberg indicó que hasta un guachimán gana más que un maestro.

Este es el piso salarial de un docente nombrado. ¿Qué sucede con los contratados? Ganan aún menos. De acuerdo a la Ley de Reforma Magisterial, la remuneración mensual de estos profesores “puede alcanzar” hasta el valor establecido para la primera escala; es decir, los 1.243 soles por laborar 24 horas o 1.554 por 30 horas.

Así, plantean que todos los docentes ganen el 60% de 1 Unidad Impositiva Tributaria (UIT), o sea 2.310 soles, y que a partir de este monto se defina el resto de remuneraciones. “Proponemos que se ponga en discusión un piso salarial de acuerdo a la canasta básica familiar, el costo de vida. ¿Por qué los contratados no ganan igual que los nombrados si trabajan igual?”, afirma el secretario general Hamer Villena.

El Colegio de Profesores del Perú (CPPE) se suma a la demanda. Según el saliente decano nacional Ángel Salazar, los docentes deberían recibir un salario mayor a S/.2.500 soles, de acuerdo a la canasta alimentaria. “Con un aumento, los profesores podrían dedicarse solo a enseñar y no a otras labores”.

La iniciativa, que ahora será debatida en el Pleno, también señala que se “establecerá la remuneración mensual de los contratados”, mas no hacereferencia a su nivelación con la de los maestros nombrados.

AUMENTO DE SUELDO

Consultado sobre si se evalúa elevar no solo las asignaciones sino también el piso salarial, el sector Educación respondió que “es una prioridad para el ministerio mejorar las condiciones laborales de los docentes (…) A fines del 2014, se realizó un aumento general a los contratados de 100 soles”. Destaca, además, la aprobación, de la comisión legislativa, de dicho proyecto.

“Nosotros somos los primeros que hemos reconocido que el nivel salarial de los maestros es bajo y debe seguir aumentando.

Tenemos que hacerlo de una manera fiscalmente posible (…) Cuando decimos ‘duplicar el salario’, hablamos de puntos del Producto Bruto Interno. Si hablamos de 350 mil nombrados, las magnitudes son muy fuertes, pero estamos en el país con una lógica de mejoras salariales”, sostuvo el ministro Jaime Saavedra.

Fuente: La República.pe

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